Two published studies report presence of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in women with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Each of the studies found that FSD is more common in women with T1D than healthy women without diabetes. One of the studies found a strong link between coexisting thyroid autoimmune disease which may exacerbate FSD in women with T1D.
While diabetes-induced erectile dysfunction is reported and well-established among men with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, sexual dysfunction is less explored in women with diabetes.
The first and earlier study conducted in Poland and published online in May consisted of 230 women, including 70 healthy and 160 with T1D. All of the participants voluntarily filled out an anonymous questionnaire. Results regarding sexual function were obtained using a Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI).
Out of the total, 180 declared sexual active status for which statistical analysis was performed. Women with T1D (118) in comparison with healthy women (62) were older, had a higher BMI, weight and had more pack-years of cigarette smoking. Researchers found FSD more common in women with T1D; they had lower results in FSFI independent of age, duration of T1D, body weight and presence of angiopathy.
The median age of the women was 32. T1D duration ranged from 1-32 years; HbA1c ranged from 5.5-12.4%. Blood samples were used for metabolic and endocrine analysis. Details of participants (personal information, diabetes related data and sex history), sexual performance, and levels of depression were measured.