New findings, published today in the 9th Edition of the IDF Diabetes Atlas, show that there are now 463 million adults with diabetes worldwide. The new figures highlight the alarming growth in the prevalence of diabetes around the world. 38 million more adults are now estimated to be living with diabetes compared to the results published in 2017.
The latest Atlas reports that the global prevalence of diabetes has reached 9.3%, with more than half (50.1%) of adults undiagnosed. Type 2 diabetes accounts for about 90% of all people with diabetes.
Key findings include in the Diabetes Atlas 2019:
- One in 11 adults live with diabetes.
- In 2019, it is estimated that 463 million people have diabetes.
- The total number of people with diabetes is predicted to rise to 578 million by 2030 and to 700 million by 2045.
- 374 million adults have impaired glucose tolerance, placing them at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Diabetes was responsible for an estimated USD 760 billion in health expenditure in 2019.
- Diabetes is among the top 10 causes of death, with almost half of deaths occurring in people under the age of 60 years.
- One in six live births are affected by hyperglycaemia in pregnancy.
- Three in every four people with diabetes (352 million) are of working age (20-64 years).
The rise in the number of people with type 2 diabetes is driven by a complex interplay of many different factors including urbanisation, an ageing population, decreasing levels of physical activity and increasing levels of overweight and obesity. For unknown reasons, type 1 diabetes is also on the rise.